With the Emergence of the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain came increased riches for the wealthy and desperate poverty for the poor. The Industries Revolution was, in fact, the creation of mass production of goods previously generated by cottage industries. A large number of rural people followed the job route becoming the new urban poor. As a result of many varied reasons hordes of children found themself living on the streets of the cities. The British Government, in a valiant attempt to help these lost souls, entered into an agreement with the Canadian Government, resulting in large numbers of British children emigrating to Canada in the new world.